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Accounting vs Economics, what are the similarities and differences, is the first question that comes to a student’s mind when he or she takes these subjects. Both areas deal primarily with numbers. But accounting focuses on the collection, analysis, and reporting of income and expenses. On the other hand, economics is a branch of social science that focuses on the production, consumption, and transportation of goods.

Accounting deals with tracking the flow of money for businessmen and individuals. The economy follows major trends that affect money and the resources of money.

Both terms help governments and organizations make financial decisions, set economic policies, and plan for the future.

Accounting is more on the digital side and economics on the theoretical side. Therefore, students find accounting more difficult than the latter. They sometimes require assistance with accounting assignment to get good grades in class.

Accounting vs Economics: Sometimes it is easy to think that these two fields are interchangeable. If you think the same, the next article will change the way you think about accounting and economics.

Accounting vs Economics: Key Differences


What is Accounting?

Accounting keeps all the financial records of an individual or a government. In accounting, you keep all the data in tabular form. There are also guidelines on how we should record transactions made. The transactions performed in accounting are debit or credit, asset or liability, and income and expense.

What is the economy?

The most accurate definition of economics is that how society manages the limited resources available is part of it. It is the main branch of the social sciences and also focuses on the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

GDP (Gross Domestic Product) and CPI (Consumer Price Index) are the most commonly used economic indicators.


There are mainly three types of accounting.

  • Financial Accounting
  • Cost accounting
  • Forensic accounting

Financial Accounting

A systematic process that people use to generate results for an organization.

Cost accounting

Cost accounting helps any organization to make decisions about the cost of a product. Everyone knows how important it is for any business to determine the cost of producing the product. It helps them decide on the selling price of their product.

Forensic accounting

It is an important branch of accounting as it helps in the investigative process. It helps to collect, recover and restore financial information. To broaden its scope, the creation of a framework is in progress.

The economy is then divided into two parts.

  • Microeconomics
  • Macroeconomics


Microeconomics works on a small scale. The study of economic indicators of a specific company or sector falls under microeconomics. For example, it includes supply, demand, or macroeconomic indicators that affect only one industry.


It works on a larger level. Into this come economic indicators such as government policy or legal framework. For example, in a business, only indicators that somehow affect business activities fall under macroeconomics.

Field of study

In accounting, you learn the skills required to record and report business transactions. They study key factors in accounting, such as transaction rules and international accounting standards. To become an accountant in a business, you can get an accounting degree from any college.

In economics, you mainly study the different economic theories, such as supply and demand chains, different market structures, etc. It also involves analyzing the environment in which the company carries out its financial transactions. You can earn a bachelor’s and master’s degree in economics to further your career as an economist.

Accounting vs Economics different subjects are studied in these fields.

Primary objective

One of the important branches of business is accounting. He deals with the study and recording of the various commercial transactions. Creating fair financial reports is the primary role of accounting in business.

On the other hand, economics deals with supply and demand chains for any type of product or service. The other main purpose is to analyze business indicators for any business.


Accounting is also used for many other purposes, such as making investment decisions and establishing effective control environments in a business. In addition, decisions related to budgets and forecasts about the future are made using accounting.

However, economics is useful in identifying supply and demand factors in any organization. It also helps to explain the services offered by a company and the main indicators that affect its resources.

Data usage

With the help of the application of certain concepts and principles, accounting uses the information and data collected. These concepts and principles are essential when talking about accounting. When a manager abuses an accounting principle to shape results, then that accounting becomes creative accounting.

Economics uses assumptions and research data to create any outcome. It does not matter whether the hypothesis is true or not. This happens due to changes in the business environment for different companies.

Last words

To conclude, in this article, we have discussed accounting versus economics. Along with the definition, different factors related to the two fields are discussed. After reading this article, you will realize how much the two terms differ from each other.

I hope you enjoyed reading this article on the differences between accounting and economics.